What is the Basis for Vocational Training Obligation in Dangerous and Very Dangerous Jobs?
According to the 17th article of the Occupational Health and Safety Law No. 6331, the employer provides the professional training of its employees in dangerous and very dangerous jobs in Annex-I of the “Regulation on the Vocational Training of Persons to be Employed in the Dangerous and Very Dangerous Classes” (Vocational Education Administration). should be provided with an education. In the occupational health and safety audits, it has been determined that vocational training and vocational qualification certificates are confused with each other and there are great misunderstandings. It is seen that especially the postponement of professional competence is effective in the said confusion.
What is Vocational Education?
In the vocational education legislation, it is stated that “in order to prepare individuals for the profession through formal or non-formal education, to develop the necessary knowledge, skills, attitudes and values in order to ensure the development of professionals and their adaptation to new professions, and the development process of the physical, social, cultural and economic abilities of individuals is carried out in a plan. providing education”.
 Regulation on Vocational Training of Persons to be Employed in Hazardous and Very Hazardous Classes Article 4.1.b
Which Jobs Need Vocational Training?
According to the 17th article of the Law No. 6331, only those who have a vocational training document related to the job to be employed can be employed in the dangerous and very dangerous jobs (Vocational Education Administration Annex-I). The main jobs that require vocational training are as follows;
Cold smithing and all kinds of welding works
Works related to the production of tiles, porcelain and ceramics
Wall, plaster, insulation, paint, chimney etc. construction works
Excavation, splitting and filling works of all kinds of ground
Cellulosic, synthetic and all kinds of paint manufacturing works
All kinds of silo works
Jobs Related to Chemical Industry; Distillation of crude oil and tars, bitumen, mineral oils and all kinds of fuel and refining works.
Jobs Related to Chemical Industry; All kinds of gas production, stocking and supply works such as natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, natural gas, bio gas, and acetylene gas.
Employers who cannot certify that they have received vocational training in the 109 jobs listed under 17 headings in the annex of the said regulation cannot be employed. The employer’s obligation at this point is to identify the jobs that require vocational training in the workplace and to ensure that those who will work in these jobs receive vocational training.